Construction of Offshore Structure

09 Agu

The Construction of Offshore Structure considered in any aspect which you can see in new windows by clicking them included :
Physical Environmental Aspects Of Marine and Offshore Construction
1.0 General
1.1 Distances and Depths
1.2 Hydrostatic Pressure and Buoyancy
1.3 Temperature
1.4 Seawater and Sea–Air Interface Chemistry, Marine Organisms
1.5 Currents
1.6 Waves and Swells
1.7 Winds and Storms
1.8 Tides and Storm Surges
1.9 Rain, Snow, Fog, Whiteout, and Spray; Atmospheric Icing, Lightning
1.10 Sea Ice and Icebergs
1.11 Seismicity, Seaquakes, and Tsunamis
1.12 Floods
Geotechnical Aspects: Seafloor and Marine Soils
2.1 General Aspect of Seafloor
2.2 Dense Sands
2.3 Calcareous Sands
2.4 Boulders on and near the Seafloor Surface; Glacial Till
2.5 Overconsolidated Silts
2.6 Sub-Sea Permafrost and Clathrates
2.7 Weak Arctic Silts and Clays
2.8 Ice Scour and Pingos
2.9 Methane Gas
2.10 Muds and Clays2.11 Coral and Similar Biogenic Soils; Cemented Soils
2.12 Unconsolidated Sands
2.13 Underwater Sand Dunes (“Megadunes”)
2.14 Rock Outcrops
2.15 Cobbles
2.16 Deep Gravel Deposits
2.17 Seafloor Oozes
2.18 Seafloor Instability and Slumping; Turbidity Currents
2.19 Concluding Remarks Concerning Seafloor
Ecological and Societal Impacts of Marine Construction
3.1 General
3.2 Oil and Petroleum Products
3.3 Toxic Chemicals
3.4 Contaminated Soils
3.5 Construction Wastes
3.6 Turbidity
3.7 Sediment Transport, Scour, and Erosion
3.8 Air Pollution
3.9 Marine Life: Mammals and Birds, Fish, and Other Biota
3.10 Aquifers
3.11 Noise
3.12 Highway, Rail, Barge, and Air Traffic
3.13 Protection of Existing Structures
3.14 Vibration
3.15 Safety of the Public and Other Vessels
Materials and Fabrication for Offshore Structures
4.1 Steel Structures for the Offshore Environment
4.2 Structural Concrete
4.3 Hybrid Steel–Concrete Structures
4.4 Plastics and Synthetic Materials, Composites
4.5 Titanium
4.6 Rock, Sand, and Asphaltic–Bituminous Materials
Marine and Offshore Construction Equipment
5.0 General
5.1 Basic Motions in a Seaway
5.2 Buoyancy, Draft, and Freeboard
5.3 Stability
5.4 Damage Control
5.5 Barges
5.6 Crane Barges
5.7 Offshore Derrick Barges (Fully Revolving)
5.8 Catamaran Barges
5.9 Semisubmersible Barges
5.10 Jack-Up Construction Barges
5.11 Launch Barges
5.12 Offshore Dredges
5.13 Pipe-Laying Barges
5.14 Supply Boats
5.15 Anchor-Handling Boats
5.16 Towboats
5.17 Drilling Vessel
5.18 Crew Boats
5.19 Floating Concrete Plant
Marine Operations
6.1 Towing
6.2 Moorings and Anchors
6.3 Handling Heavy Loads at Sea
6.4 Personnel Transfer at Sea
6.5 Underwater Intervention, Diving, Underwater Work Systems, ROV’s,
and Manipulators
6.6 Underwater Concreting and Grouting
6.7 Offshore Surveying, Navigation, and Sea-Floor Surveys
6.8 Temporary Buoyancy Augmentation
Seafloor Modifications and Improvements
7.1 General
7.2 Controls for Grade and Position: Determination of Existing Conditions
7.3 Seafloor Dredging and Obstruction Removal
7.4 Dredging and Removal of Hard Material and Rock
7.5 Placement of Underwater Fills
7.6 Consolidation and Strengthening of Weak Soils
7.7 Prevention of Liquefaction
7.8 Scour Protection
7.9 Concluding Remarks
Installation of Piles in Marine and Offshore Structures
8.1 General
8.2 Fabrication of Tubular Steel Piles
8.3 Transportation of Piling
8.4 Installing Piles
8.5 Methods of Increasing Penetration
8.6 Insert Piles
8.7 Anchoring into Rock or Hardpan
8.8 Damaged Piles
8.9 Pre-Stressed Concrete Piles for Marine Structures
8.10 Handling and Positioning of Piles
8.11 Drilled and Grouted Piles
8.12 Belled Footings
8.13 Other Installation Methods and Practices
8.14 Improving the Capacity of Piles
Harbor, River, and Estuary Structures
9.1 General
9.2 Harbor Structures
9.3 River Structures
9.4 Piers for Overwater Bridges
9.5 Submerged Prefabricated Tunnels (Tubes)
9.6 Storm Surge Barriers
9.7 Flow Control Structures
Coastal Structures
10.1 General
10.2 Ocean Outfalls and Intakes
10.3 Breakwaters
10.4 Offshore Terminals
Offshore Platforms: Steel Jackets and Pin Pil
11.1 General
11.2 Fabrication of Steel Jackets
11.3 Load-Out, Tie-Down, and Transport
11.4 Removal of Jacket from Transport Barge; Lifting; Launching
11.5 Upending of Jacket
11.6 Installation on the Seafloor
11.7 Pile and Conductor Installation
11.8 Deck Installation
11.9 Examples
Concrete Offshore Platforms: Gravity-Based Structures
12.1 General
12.2 Construction Stages
12.3 Enhancing Caisson–Foundation Interaction
12.4 Sub-Base Construction
12.5 Platform Removal
Other Applications of Offshore Construction Technology
13.1 General
13.2 Hybrid Concrete–Steel Platforms
13.3 Single-Point Moorings
13.4 Articulated Columns
13.5 Seafloor Templates
13.6 Underwater Oil Storage Vessels
13.7 Cable Arrays, Moored Buoys, and Seafloor Deployment
13.8 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
Installation of Submarine Pipelines
15.1 General
15.2 Conventional S-Lay Barge
15.3 Bottom-Pull Method
15.4 Reel Barge
15.5 Surface Float
15.6 Controlled Underwater Flotation (Controlled Subsurface Float)
15.7 Controlled Above-Bottom Pull
15.8 J-Tube Method from Platform: Single- and Double-Pull
15.9 J-Lay from Barge
15.10 S-Curve with Collapsible Floats
15.11 Bundled Pipes
15.12 Directional Drilling
15.13 Laying Under Ice
15.14 Protection of Pipelines: Burial and Covering with Rock
15.15 Support of Pipelines
Plastic and Composite Pipelines, Cables
16.1 Submarine Pipelines of Composite Materials and Plastics
16.2 Cable LayingTopside Installation
17.1 General
17.2 Module Erection
17.3 Hook-Up
17.4 Giant Modules and Transfer of Complete Deck by Heavy Lift
17.5 Float-Over Deck Structures
17.6 Integrated Deck

Underwater Repairs
18.1 General
18.2 Repairs to Steel Jacket-Type Structures
18.3 Repairs to Steel Piling
18.4 Repairs to Concrete Offshore Structures
18.5 Repairs to Foundations
18.6 Fire Damage
18.7 Pipeline Repairs

Strengthening Existing Structures
19.1 General
19.2 Strengthening of Offshore Platforms and Terminals, Members, or Assemblies
19.3 Increasing Capacity of Existing Piles for Axial Loads
19.4 Increasing Lateral Capacity of Piles and Structures in Interaction with Seafloor Soils
19.5 Seismic Retrofit
Removal and Salvage
20.1 General
20.2 Piled Structures (Terminals, Trestles, Shallow-Water Platforms)
20.3 Offshore Drilling and Production Platforms (Jackets with Piles)
20.4 Gravity-Base Platforms
20.5 New Developments in Salvage TechniquesConstructibility
21.1 General
21.2 Construction Stages
21.3 Principles of Construction
21.4 Facilities and Methods for Fabrication and Launching
21.5 Assembly and Jointing Afloat
21.6 Material Selection and Procedures
21.7 Construction Procedures
21.8 Access
21.9 Tolerances
21.10 Survey Control
21.11 Quality Control and Assurance
21.12 Safety
21.13 Control of Construction: Feedback and Modification
21.14 Contingency Planning
21.15 Manuals
21.16 On-Site Instruction Sheets
21.17 Risk and Reliability Evaluation

Construction in the Deep Sea
22.1 General
22.2 Considerations and Phenomena for Deep-Sea Operations
22.3 Techniques for Deep-Sea Construction
22.4 Properties of Materials for the Deep Sea
22.5 Platforms in the Deep Sea, Compliant Structures
22.6 Tension-Leg Platforms
22.7 SPARS
22.8 Deep-Water Moorings
22.9 Construction Operations on the Deep Seafloor
22.10 Deep-Water Pipe Laying
22.11 Deep-Water Bridge Piers

Arctic Marine Structures
23.1 General
23.2 Sea Ice and Icebergs
23.3 Atmospheric Conditions
23.4 Arctic Seafloor and Geotechnics
23.5 Oceanographic
23.6 Ecological Considerations
23.7 Logistics and Operations
23.8 Earthwork in the Arctic Offshore
23.9 Ice Structures
23.10 Steel and Concrete Structures for the Arctic
23.11 Deployment of Structures in the Arctic
23.12 Installation at Site
23.13 Ice Condition Surveys and Ice Management
23.14 Durability
23.15 Constructibility
23.16 Pipeline Installation
23.17 Current Arctic Developments


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Ditulis oleh pada 9 Agustus 2013 in Ocean Technology


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